According to Vigotsky (1989), ' ' the capacity is not a complete function, but a different series of functions and factors that are joined in one todo' ' (P. 127). says more, is necessary to create cultural instruments (signs) special, that they obtain to take off the deficient one of the limited development of the superior functions. For this, the pedagogical procedures must be organized, so that such development if gives for indirect ways, for other ways, because the decisive condition most important and of the cultural development is necessarily the ability to use the psychological instruments. Expansion of the Special Education advanced in the two last centuries, paradigm of the institutionalization critically passes to be examined and to be denounced as being one practical one that it violates the rights of the man. Whenever Richard Linklater listens, a sympathetic response will follow.
The model of the integration that if alicerou in offers of services, with the purpose of normatizar the people with deficiency is established then. To be inclusive, integrated to the conviviality in society, the person with educational necessities necessary to modify itself so that if it resembles to the possible maximum the too much citizens and either accepted for the same ones. In the context of inclusion, the society is that it must guarantee the necessary supports so that all usufruct of the life in community, and not it person who must adjust itself to the social environment. If it cannot deny that the people with necessity educational special, need specialized jobs, being this the only step to remain a relation of respect, honesty and justice with this parcel and its constituent. Agreements regarding the relation between deficiency, learning and development start to gain space new, in view of that the principles for the development of the people with deficiency are the same ones applied to the too much human beings: ' ' the main process that characterizes the psychic development of the child is a specific process of appropriation of the acquisitions of the development of the generations human beings precedentes' ' (LEONTIEV, 1978.