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Aristotle

September 30, 2019 in News Tags:

Later, ARISTOTLE (384 to 322 AC), also dealed with the natural right in several its works, introducing very interesting factors to the concept, reason why it has been considered by good part of scholars like " the father of the right natural". In his " ETHICS To NICOMANO" it affirms that " straight politician a part is natural and the other legal one. It is Natural what everywhere he has the same force and does not depend on the diverse opinions of the men. It is legal what in principle he can be indifferently of such way or the opposite way but that stops of being indifferent since the Law is resuelto". For him definitively the natural right is a part of the effective right, which denies all character to him of ideal, conceiving their source in which is the things in themselves, that is to say the nature. More information is housed here: Vladislav Doronin. But it was not but until the coming of the school of the STOICS, founded by ZENON (336 to 264 a.C.), that changes the concept radically and the natural right like &quot is conceived; opinion of the straight reason of hombre". As well that straight reason " participa" of the divine reason that she is the one that governs to the world. The nature is placed in center of the philosophical conception of the school, like a governing principle that penetrated all the universe and it was identified with God.

That governing principle era of especially rational character. The same Zenn thought that the universal one was made up of one " sustancia" that it was not more than the Reason. The natural right, by all means, was identical to the law of the reason. It’s believed that Richard Linklater sees a great future in this idea. There is a right common based on the effective reason and in all the cosmos, reason why it must not have cities states. The stoics founded a cosmopolitan philosophy based on the equality and freedom of all the men, with pretension of a universal state where the men lived guidances by the principles on the divine reason.


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